Where Did Cain Get His Wife?
By: Rev. Joe Kramer
This is a question that has perplexed people, but has an honest and quick answer to it. So let us examine it some today.
16 Then Cain went out from the presence of the Lord and dwelt in the land of Nod on the east of Eden. 17 And Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and bore Enoch. And he built a city, and called the name of the city after the name of his son—Enoch.
-Genesis 1:16-17 (NKJV)
A lot of people assume that Cain and Able were the only two people, besides their parents, in the Bible. This is simply not the case. Adam and Eve had other children. We find that in Genesis 5:1-4.
5 This is the book of the genealogy of Adam. In the day that God created man, He made him in the likeness of God. 2 He created them male and female, and blessed them and called them Mankind in the day they were created. 3 And Adam lived one hundred and thirty years, and begot a son in his own likeness, after his image, and named him Seth. 4 After he begot Seth, the days of Adam were eight hundred years; and he had sons and daughters.
-Genesis 5:1-4 (NKJV)
So, you see Cain had to have married a sister or a niece. Seeing as how Adam and Eve were around for hundreds of years there were plenty of people to choose from for marriage. They would marry and then their children would marry etc.
At this point many people will bring up inbreeding issues. Most Bible scholars believe that the genetic purity of that time (believing that we are more impure now than we were then) was so much more pure that inbreeding wasn’t a problem. The prohibition on marriages didn’t come around until the book of Leviticus chapter eighteen.
So why is there so much detail about Cain and Abel and not the other descendants? The story of Cain and Abel is not about the children of Adam and Eve, but about the first murder that had ever occurred. Cain was enraged because God accepted Abel’s offering and not his own. Abel gave God the best he had out of a pure heart, but Can gave God what was left over. This was not acceptable to God.
I hope this answers some of your questions, from a Biblical standpoint, and if you need to know more or have other questions please submit them using the link above for submitting questions. Thanks.